IPS officers take the responsibility of maintaining law and order, public safety, and security by engaging in activities like crime prevention, traffic management, criminal investigation, etc. As a diplomat, an IFS officer is required to promote India’s interests on various platforms and issues including bilateral political and economic cooperation, promotion of trade and investment, cultural interaction, press, etc.
About Indian Police Service (IPS):
Controlling Authority: Ministry of Home Affairs
Recruitment: UPSC Civil Services Exam
Responsibilities and Training:
IPS officers take the responsibility of maintaining law and order, public safety, and security by engaging in activities like crime prevention, traffic management, criminal investigation, etc. In order to achieve greater efficiency, these services are further classified into different functional departments. Like Crime Branches, Home Guards, Traffic Bureaus, Criminal Investigation Departments, etc.
The process of recruitment and training for IPS officers is the longest among all the services which in total lasts for around 2 years. During the probation period, these officers undergo training in the office of the Superintendent of Police of the district where they are allotted, and when they complete their probation period they are given the rank of three-star Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP).
Higher Rank: IPS officers obtain the following ranks:
- Police commissioner (care of a city)
- Deputy Commissioner (Metropolitan City)
- Superintendent of Police (Entire District Level)
- Director General of Police (Entire State)
IPS officers are also required to pass specially designed physical tests when they are allotted to a particular IPS as per their rank.
These IPS officers work and also serve in various national intelligence and security-based organizations such as,
- Intelligence Bureau
- Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
- Border Security Force
- Central bureau
- Central Reserve Police Force
With increasing experience, these officers can get an opportunity to serve in international organizations related to security, police, and intelligence agencies like Interpol, United Nations, International Cricket Council, etc. in various embassies around the world.
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About the Indian Foreign Service (IFS):
Controlling Authority: Ministry of External Affairs
Training and Career:
After selection to the Indian Foreign Service through the Combined Civil Services Examination, new entrants undergo a training program aimed at imparting diplomatic knowledge, qualities, and skills at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie.
The probationers then join the Foreign Service Institute in New Delhi and undergo a training program in various disciplines required for a career diplomat. The aim of this program is to inculcate in an officer a strong knowledge of diplomacy, and international relations. And an understanding of general political principles.
And after the training program, the officer is assigned his/her Compulsory Foreign Language (CFL). After a brief period of desk attachment at the Ministry of External Affairs. The officer is posted to an Indian mission abroad in the country where his CFL is native and is enrolled in a language course.
Rank: An IFS is employed as a third secretary and then as a second secretary upon confirmation in service.
Subsequent promotion: First Secretary- Counsel-Minister and Ambassador or High Commissioner or Permanent Representative.
Officers are also posted in Indian consulates abroad where the hierarchy (going up) is Deputy Consul, Consul General, and Consul General.
As a diplomat, an IFS officer is required to promote India’s interests on various platforms. And issues including bilateral political and economic cooperation, promotion of trade and investment, cultural interaction, press, etc.
Some of the other important functions of IFS officers are as follows:
- Protecting India’s National Interests
- Representing India in its Embassies, Consulates, and Permanent Missions of India in multilateral organizations like the United Nations.
- Promote friendly relations with nations
- To negotiate with the officials of the receiving state on various issues.
- And to provide consular facilities to foreigners and Indian citizens abroad.